Vocabulary is the focus of this week’s Talk Time.
We’ve just begun a new Art topic and with it comes new Art vocabulary.
This half-term, each phase is learning about different forms of Art. Y1,2 are focusing on sculpture, Y3,4 are focusing on digital art and Y5,6 are focusing on printing. Here’s a list of key words that are being learnt and applied as part of our learning. Over the half-term, practise using these words with your child.
Years 1 and 2 Art vocabulary:
- graphite: mixed with clay, graphite forms the ‘lead’ in a pencil
- HB: referring to pencils, HB stands for ‘hard black’ – a medium hard pencil
- H: stands for ‘hard’
- B: stands for ‘black’; these pencils are soft
- primary colours: three colours (red, yellow, blue) that can’t be made by mixing other colours, but can make other colours
- secondary colours: three colours (orange, green, purple) that are made when two primary colours are mixed using paint
- pattern: arrangements of things such as colour, shapes and lines that repeat in a logical way
- texture: how something feels, like smooth or rough
- op art: short for ‘optical art’, op art is a style of art that uses visual illusions
- pointillism: a form of painting where very small dots are used to form colours and images
- forgery: copying another artist’s work and making money from it
Years 3 and 4 Art vocabulary:
- complementary colours: colours that are opposite on the colour wheel (roughly, a primary and a secondary colour can be paired up like this)
- warm colours: roughly one half of the colour wheel, warm colours (like red, orange, yellow) usually represent heat and emotions like anger and excitement
- cool colours: roughly one half of the colour wheel, cool colours (like blue, green, purple) usually represent cold things and emotions like calm and sadness
- form: often used to talk about sculpture or the human body, form is the physical aspects or the shape of the artwork or parts of the artwork
- space: usually used to describe areas or parts of an artwork where there are large blocks of colour or ‘gaps’
- medium: the type of art (eg painting, sculpture, printmaking), or the materials an artwork is made from (plural: media)
- digital art: art that is made or presented using digital technology
- architecture: a specific form of design: buildings and other structures
- architect: a person who designs buildings and other structures
- commission: a person or people chosen to produce something, eg a portrait, a building
Years 5 and 6 Art vocabulary:
- pastel: a coloured drawing medium, usually stick-shaped, produced in soft, hard and pencil formproduced in soft, hard and pencil form
- art: the expression of creativity or imagination, or both
- art movement: a style in art followed by a group of artists, often linked to a time and place or to particular artists (sometimes called an ‘ism’)
- printing: transferring ink (or some other medium) from one surface to another
- Arts and Crafts Movement: a design movement started by William Morris in 1861 which aimed to improve the quality of design and make it available to the widest possible audience
- graphic design: covers a range of design activities including logo creation, advertising and typography (fonts)
- industrialisation: the process of using machines to work that was previously done by people.
Some of these words have been introduced already this week but there may be others that are going to be covered in the coming weeks.